Gilgit-Baltistan is the northernmost territory administered by Pakistan, providing the country's only territorial frontier, and a land route, with China, where it meets the Xinjiang Autonomous Region.
The China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a pioneer project of the Belt and Road Initiative, where China has planned to interlink global communities through road and railway networks. The Karakoram Highway is the highest paved international road in the world; it connects Western China and Pakistan.
Tourism has huge potential to boost up micro and small enterprises. Likewise, in Gilgit-Baltistan, tourism is one of the important sectors providing business and employment opportunities to the inhabitants. According to one study, the share of tourism in GDP remained 2.9% in 2016 and 5.9% in 2017 in Pakistan, where tourism investment remained 9.1% of total investment in 2016. These figures suggest that Pakistan’s tourism industry still has unexplored potential.
The tourism industry offers not only remarkable opportunities for medium and large firms but also provides greater opportunities to SME’s. That’s why the participation of micro and small firms in the tourism sector has increased.
The economy of Punjab is mainly based on agricultural and the province is playing a leading role in agricultural production. Punjab has also more than 48 thousand industrial units. The small and cottage industries are in abundance. There are 39,033 small and cottage industrial units. The number of textile units is 11,820. Not just that, Punjab is also a mineral rich province with extensive mineral deposits of coal, rock-salt, dolomite, gypsum and silica-sand. Punjab has the biggest share in the textile sector and around 70% of the textile industry is based in the province of Punjab.
Punjab has all elements of becoming a destination of choice for tourists owing to its historical monuments, cultural diversity and hospitable people. Through development and management of well-articulated policies, product projection, marketing strategies and public-private partnerships, the tourism sector in Punjab will contribute to the over-all socio-economic development of Pakistan.
Government of Punjab (GOP) has been supporting IT sector through numerous initiatives that include various sustainable development and accelerated digitization projects.
National Expansion Plan of NICs has established four centers in Punjab.
All major valleys open towards Pakistan and agriculture in Pakistan is dependent on waters of these rivers and, therefore, Kashmir provides the life-line to Pakistan. AJK is considered as a base station to glamorous Lake Saif ul Malook, Ansu lake, Lalzar, Babusartop, and Noori valley. It is one of the most scenic valley in Pakistan with Shogran, Kaghan & Lake Saif ul Malook as famous tourist places.
Handicrafts are also contributors to the country's economic development in at least two ways. The first is through job creation and employment; since a huge number of handicraft industries around the country support a much larger number (thousands) of artisans or craftsman as employees.
Nearly 65 per cent of women earn their livelihood from handicraft work. Cottage or household industries occupy an important position especially in rural set-up as traditionally in those areas women are not encouraged to work outside their homes. The range of handicraft products include ajrak, ceramics, articles made of date leaves, farassi rugs, jandi, khes, musical instruments, caps, straw products, bangles, crucia work, embroideries, kashi, rilli, Thari carpets and woodcarving.
Sindh is also locally known as the "Mehran" and has been given the title of Bab-ul-Islam (The gateway of Islam). The name of Sindh is derived from the Indus River that separates it from Balochistan and the greater Iranian Plateau.
The economy of Sindh is the 2nd largest of all the provinces in Pakistan. Historically, Sindh's contribution to Pakistan's GDP has been 30% to 32.7%. Its share in the service sector has ranged from 21% to 27.8% and in the agriculture sector from 21.4% to 27.7%.
The province has substantial agricultural resources. A total of 2.56 million work force is involved in trade, commerce, industry and Agriculture sector which constitute 15% of the total population of the province. Amongst these sectors the agriculture sector takes the major share of the work force i.e. 40% of the total labor force and thus plays an important role in the economic development of the province. The formal Industrial sector comprises of small and medium scale industries and very few large industrial establishments. There are 2254 registered industrial units in the province employing approximately 57290 people, major share being in Textile, Leather, and Apparel sector at 28% followed by Food, beverages, flour mills, and tobacco sector with 27% share.
Geologically, the province is endowed with a large number of minerals including precious minerals such as gold, gems, emeralds, whereas the industrial minerals include phosphate, lime stone, gypsum, marble, chromite, china clay, soap stone, coal, silica sand, magnesite, dolomite, mica, slate stone, rock salt etc.
Balochistan lies at the mouth of the Strait of Hormuz and provides the shortest route from seaports to Central Asia. Balochistan is rich in exhaustible and renewable resources; it is the second major supplier of natural gas in Pakistan. Balochistan area wise is the largest province of Pakistan, covering 44% of the country’s area, but is home to only 5% of the country’s population.
Agriculture and livestock dominate the Baloch economy. Horticultural development is a fairly recent, yet growing phenomenon. Other important economic sectors include fisheries, mining, manufacturing industries, trade and other services being rendered by public and private sector organizations in the province.
Balochistan provides highly developed industrial estate facilities in the province. These estates cater to all types of industry needs and are well supplied with a wide range of infrastructure and related services which include Quetta Industrial & Trading Estate, Hub Industrial & Trading Estate (HITE), Uthal Industrial Estate, and Marble City etc. The Major sectors for investment in Balochistan are Minerals, Agriculture, Horticulture, Fisheries, Livestock, Tourism and Oil & Gas etc.
The Government of Pakistan has initiated the construction of the country's third deep-sea port project at Gwadar and work has commenced since 23rd March 2002. This project will not only give stimulus to the development activities in Gwadar town itself but to the adjoining areas also.